February 03, 2012

Energy and its Many Forms & Energy Transformation

The meaning of energy and it’s seven forms.

Energy is the ability to cause and change. The capacity to perform work.  An exertion of force.  In all, it is the ability to  make something happen. Energy forms are either kinetic or potential.  Potential energy is stored energy and the energy of position while kinetic energy is motion
Seven forms of  energy:
1. Nuclear Energy
Nuclear energy is stored in  the nucleus of an atom.  The energy that holds the nucleus together.  The energy can be released when  the  nuclei are combined or split apart.

2. Radiant Energy
Radiant energy is the electromagnetic energy that travels in  transverses waves.  Radiant energy includes visible light, x-rays, gamma rays amd radio waves.  Light is one type of radiant energy.  Solar energy is an example of radiant energy.
Radio Waves

3. Electrical Energy
Electrical energy is  the movement of electrical charges.  Everything is made of tiny particles called atoms.  Electrical charges moving  through a wire is called electricity.  Lighting is an example of electrical energy.

4. Chemical Energy
Chemical energy is energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules.  It is the energy that holds these particles together.  Examples are biomass, petroleum, natural gas and propane.

5. Mechanical Energy
Mechanical energy relates to the movement of objects or its position in relation to gravity.
6. Sound Energy
Sound energy is the movement of energy through substances in longitudinal waves.  Sound is produced when a force causes an object or substance to vibrate.  The energy is transferred through  the substance in a wave.
Acoustic Speakers

7. Thermal Energy  
Thermal energy is the internal energy  in substances.  The vibration and movement of the atoms and molecules within substances.  Geothermal energy is an example of thermal energy.
Geothermal Plant

 For further reading on renewable energy, please read “Bloom Box – The Holy Grail of Renewable Energy

Energy Transformation:

Energy transformation is when energy changes into another form. In physics, the term energy describes the capacity to produce certain changes within a system, without regard to limitations in transformation imposed by entropy.

Examples of sets of energy conversions in machines

For instance, a coal-fired power plant involves these energy transformations:
  1. Chemical energy in the coal converted to thermal energy
  2. Thermal energy converted to kinetic energy in steam
  3. Kinetic energy converted to mechanical energy in the turbine
  4. Mechanical energy of the turbine converted to electrical energy, which is the ultimate output
In such a system, the last step is almost perfectly efficient, the first and second steps are fairly efficient, but the third step is relatively inefficient. The most efficient gas-fired electrical power stations can achieve 50% conversion efficiency. Oil and coal fired stations achieve less.
In a conventional automobile, these energy transformations are involved:
  1. Potential energy in the fuel converted to kinetic energy of expanding gas via combustion
  2. Kinetic energy of expanding gas converted to linear piston movement
  3. Linear piston movement converted to rotary crankshaft movement
  4. Rotary crankshaft movement passed into transmission assembly
  5. Rotary movement passed out of transmission assembly
  6. Rotary movement passed through differential
  7. Rotary movement passed out of differential to drive wheels
  8. Rotary movement of drive wheels converted to linear motion of the vehicle.

[edit] Other energy conversions

There are many different machines and transducers that convert one energy form into another. A short list of examples follows:

1 comment:

  1. grabe ako nagcopya sa mga kinakailangan ng internet websites!