February 10, 2012

Ecological Communities, Ecological Habitat and Ecological Niche

Ecological Community

-An ecological community is defined as a group of actually or potentially interacting species living in the same place.

Ecological Niche

-The Ecological Niche of an organism describes how that particular individual "fits" into its ecosystem. Within its habitat, it must make use of available resources, withstand abitoic and biotic factors, with the help of adaptations. In other words, a niche is the role that the individual organism plays in its nonliving and living environment. 

Ecological Habitat

-Technically, a habitat is where a specific species lives, and describes the location in physical terms (ocean, salt marsh, sandy beach). A "biome" is a type of habitat unassociated with a species. For example, you will find the "boreal forest" biome in two continents, but only one of them is habitat for the north American Snowy Owl.

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